Judo is a modern Japanese martial art and combat sport with a meaning of “gentle way”. Judo originated in Japan in the late nineteenth century. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the object is to either throw one’s opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue one’s opponent with grappling maneuvers, or force an opponent to submit by joint locking the elbow or executing a choke. Strikes and thrusts (with hands and feet) as well as weapons defenses are all part of judo. The use of weapons are only in pre-arranged forms known as katas and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice.

Ultimately, the philosophy and subsequent pedagogy developed for judo became the model for almost all modern Japanese martial arts that developed from “traditional” schools. In addition, the worldwide spread of judo has led to the development of a number of offshoots such as Kickboxing and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.